Edward Everett Root Publishers Co. Ltd.
Available August 2019
About this book
This remarkable book reveals the sensational, historical and personal stories of the physical, cultural and psychological territory of London’s Smithfield.
In an extraordinary area, measuring little more than a square mile - bounded by Farringdon Street, Charterhouse Street, Aldersgate and Ludgate - can be found in microcosm some of the key contours of British national life. Here, to borrow the name of a famous Smithfield street, in something like its entirety, is ‘Little Britain’.
Originally a ‘smooth field’ outside the City walls, used for grazing animals, Smithfield was, from time out of mind, the site of the famous livestock market until it was moved to Islington in 1855. It thus became a place for the slaughter of animals, and for the dead meat market that still survives.
Violence against animals was extended to violence against humans. The site of animal slaughter became one of the premier arenas of public execution, for treason or heresy. Since many were judicially killed for religious rather than criminal reasons, some of their deaths may be considered martyrdom, rather than execution. The area is rich in ancient institutions of law and punishment. Newgate Prison was built nearby in 1188, and the central criminal court, better known as the Old Bailey, erected there in the 16th century. Newgate has gone, but the Bailey remains.
Between these instruments of justice, and the stench and violence of market and abattoir, stand institutions of healing and salvation: St Bartholomew’s Hospital, and the Church of St Bartholomew the Great, both founded in the 12th century. And close by is St Paul’s Cathedral, which may have roots extending as far back as the 7th century. Clerkenwell priory, the huge London base of the Knights Hospitaller, stood alongside Smithfield, entered through the still surviving Gate of St John.
These monuments of national life are not discrete but interactive. In Smithfield medicine, faith, justice, punishment and animal slaughter all share common ground.
Graham Holderness tells the stories of Wat Tyler, Aaron Kominski [‘Jack the Ripper’], Heinrich Himmler and others as rooted in the ground of Smithfield. They revolve around the institutions it houses, and dwell on the overlapping activities that have characterised it for centuries. They range across historical fiction, ‘Restoration comedy’, Gothic romance, drama, ‘alternative history’, and contemporary realism. Most are closely tied to the real past by the use of historical sources and documented events: the execution of William Wallace, the killing of Wat Tyler, the burning of Anne Askew, the execution of Amelia Dyer. Others explore the imaginative possibilities of Smithfield, rather than its authenticated events and characters, reanimating fictional characters such as Sweeney Todd, or the hero of Hogarth’s Four Stages of Cruelty; or inventing a modern Halal butcher who is radicalised and joins Isis.
These stories trace in every example the interactions of meat, murder, malfeasance, medicine and martyrdom. They are concerned with the commonalities of violence exhibited in the slaughtering of beasts, the torture and execution of criminals, the violations of the body practised on the autopsy table and in the research laboratory, the atrocities of murder and cannibalism.
These stories construct an impression of Smithfield, ‘Little Britain’, and throw their dark light both on British national history, and on the human condition.
Contents: Introduction. Preface. William Wallace. Walter [Wat] Tyler. Anne Askew. John Wilmot. Tom Nero. Sweeney Todd. Aaron Kominski [‘Jack the Ripper’]. Amelia Dyer. Heinrich Himmler. Tariq Sharmin. St. Bartholomew.
About the author
The noted critic Graham Holderness is the author or editor of some 50 books, with overall sales of tens of thousands. His work can be divided into three strands: literary criticism, theory, and scholarship – most notably on Shakespeare. He has been a pioneer of the innovative method of ‘creative criticism’. His works include this, fiction, poetry, and drama. His publishers have include Routledge, Bloomsbury, Manchester University Press, and Lion Books.
His poetry collection Craeft received a Poetry Book Society award in 2002. His play Wholly Writ was performed at Shakespeare’s Globe, and by Royal Shakespeare company actors in Stratford-upon-Avon.
EER will also publish his other new study, Samurai Shakespeare, in Spring 2020, and new editions of three of his works: Textual Shakespeare; Visual Shakespeare; and The Prince of Denmark.
Meat, Murder, Malfeasance, Medicine and Martyrdom
Smithfield Stories: Wat Tyler, Anne Askew, Sweeney Todd, Jack the Ripper, Heinrich Himmler & more ...
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